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英特尔100亿超支:2021年交付,与中国竞争最快的IT新闻______

????Figure: Intel's seventh CEO, Bob Swan, reported on March 19 that chip maker Intel announced that it would build its first supercomputer capable of 10 billion exaflops per second with subcontractor Cray at the Argonne National Laboratory under the U.S. Department of Energy, and that it was expected to deliver it in 2021. 英特尔表示,这台价值5亿美元的超级计算机名为Aurora,专门为传统的高性能计算和人工智能(ai)设计,并将用于“显着”推进科学研究和发现。目前,世界上最快的超级计算机是在美国举行的峰会。它的峰值计算性能是200 pflops,这意味着每秒有20亿个浮点运算。极光的速度将使运行速度提高几倍。这是极光的第二次迭代。英特尔此前曾表示,计划于2018年在阿贡国家实验室(argonne national laboratory)部署每秒18亿台超级计算机,基于第三代骑士希尔至强phi处理器。但在中国宣布到2020年建立100亿超支计划后,英特尔放弃了这个计划。Aurora的核心是Intel的下一代Xeon可扩展处理器,具有下一代Optane DC持久内存。它将采用Cray的超级计算系统,其弹弓高性能互连设置,并完全支持Intel的One API,一种将计算引擎映射到一系列处理器、图形芯片、现场可编程门阵列和其他加速器的开发工具。阿贡国家实验室主任保罗卡恩斯说:“能源部、阿贡国家实验室、英特尔和克雷的合作将为我国带来巨大的科学效益。Aurora系统的建立是为了支持新一代人工智能,并通过将高性能计算与人工智能相结合来解决实际问题,如改善极端天气预报、加快医疗、绘制人脑图、开发新材料和加深对宇宙的理解。Aurora是美国能源部Exascale计算项目(ECP)的副产品,该项目旨在加速美国发展超级计算机所需的研究。自2017年以来,近2.58亿美元已分配给三年期合同。被选中参与该项目的公司包括AMD、Cray、HP、IBM、Intel和Intel。美国能源部此前已向IBM、英维达和其他公司提供4.25亿美元,用于建造两台超级计算机:Summit部署在能源部橡树岭国家实验室,Sierra部署在劳伦斯利弗莫尔国家实验室。Summit和Sierra均由IBM生产,内置IBM Power 9处理器和Nvidia Tesla V100加速器芯片,耗电量巨大。美国能源部长佩里(Rick Perry)说:“有必要实现100亿个浮点运算,不仅要改善科学研究和发现,还要改善美国人民的日常生活。Aurora和其他下一代数十亿超级计算机将把高性能计算和人工智能技术应用于癌症研究、气候模型和老年保健。这项创新将对我们的社会产生不可思议的影响。如果英特尔能信守承诺,奥罗拉将成为美国新的“超支之王”,但它可能不是世界上最强大的超支。中国的三个团队正在竞争在未来七个月内建立中国的exaflop类超支,日本的后千亿级计算机的目标部署日期是2020年。目前,美国拥有世界十大最快计算机中的五台,但在世界500强中,中国的超级计算机数量已超过美国。2018年秋季,美国超级计算机数量下降到108台,中国超级计算机总数上升到229台。γ

Figure: Intel' s seventh CEO, Bob Swan, reported on March 19 that chip maker Intel announced that it would build its first supercomputer capable of 10 billion exaflops per second with subcontractor Cray at the Argonne National Laboratory under the U. S. Department of Energy, and that it was expected to deliver it in 2021. ying te er biao shi, zhe tai jia zhi 5 yi mei yuan de chao ji ji suan ji ming wei Aurora, zhuan men wei chuan tong de gao xing neng ji suan he ren gong zhi neng ai she ji, bing jiang yong yu" xian zhu" tui jin ke xue yan jiu he fa xian. mu qian, shi jie shang zui kuai de chao ji ji suan ji shi zai mei guo ju xing de feng hui. ta de feng zhi ji suan xing neng shi 200 pflops, zhe yi wei zhe mei miao you 20 yi ge fu dian yun suan. ji guang de su du jiang shi yun xing su du ti gao ji bei. zhe shi ji guang de di er ci die dai. ying te er ci qian ceng biao shi, ji hua yu 2018 nian zai a gong guo jia shi yan shi argonne national laboratory bu shu mei miao 18 yi tai chao ji ji suan ji, ji yu di san dai qi shi xi er zhi qiang phi chu li qi. dan zai zhong guo xuan bu dao 2020 nian jian li 100 yi chao zhi ji hua hou, ying te er fang qi le zhe ge ji hua. Aurora de he xin shi Intel de xia yi dai Xeon ke kuo zhan chu li qi, ju you xia yi dai Optane DC chi jiu nei cun. ta jiang cai yong Cray de chao ji ji suan xi tong, qi dan gong gao xing neng hu lian she zhi, bing wan quan zhi chi Intel de One API, yi zhong jiang ji suan yin qing ying she dao yi xi lie chu li qi tu xing xin pian xian chang ke bian cheng men zhen lie he qi ta jia su qi de kai fa gong ju. a gong guo jia shi yan shi zhu ren bao luo ka en si shuo:" neng yuan bu a gong guo jia shi yan shi ying te er he ke lei de he zuo jiang wei wo guo dai lai ju da de ke xue xiao yi. Aurora xi tong de jian li shi wei le zhi chi xin yi dai ren gong zhi neng, bing tong guo jiang gao xing neng ji suan yu ren gong zhi neng xiang jie he lai jie jue shi ji wen ti, ru gai shan ji duan tian qi yu bao jia kuai yi liao hui zhi ren nao tu kai fa xin cai liao he jia shen dui yu zhou de li jie. Aurora shi mei guo neng yuan bu Exascale ji suan xiang mu ECP de fu chan pin, gai xiang mu zhi zai jia su mei guo fa zhan chao ji ji suan ji suo xu de yan jiu. zi 2017 nian yi lai, jin 2. 58 yi mei yuan yi fen pei ji san nian qi he tong. bei xuan zhong can yu gai xiang mu di gong si bao kuo AMD Cray HP IBM Intel he Intel. mei guo neng yuan bu ci qian yi xiang IBM ying wei da he qi ta gong si ti gong 4. 25 yi mei yuan, yong yu jian zao liang tai chao ji ji suan ji: Summit bu shu zai neng yuan bu xiang shu ling guo jia shi yan shi, Sierra bu shu zai lao lun si li fu mo er guo jia shi yan shi. Summit he Sierra jun you IBM sheng chan, nei zhi IBM Power 9 chu li qi he Nvidia Tesla V100 jia su qi xin pian, hao dian liang ju da. mei guo neng yuan bu zhang pei li Rick Perry shuo:" you bi yao shi xian 100 yi ge fu dian yun suan, bu jin yao gai shan ke xue yan jiu he fa xian, hai yao gai shan mei guo ren min de ri chang sheng huo. Aurora he qi ta xia yi dai shu shi yi chao ji ji suan ji jiang ba gao xing neng ji suan he ren gong zhi neng ji shu ying yong yu ai zheng yan jiu qi hou mo xing he lao nian bao jian. zhe xiang chuang xin jiang dui wo men de she hui chan sheng bu ke si yi de ying xiang. ru guo ying te er neng xin shou cheng nuo, ao luo la jiang cheng wei mei guo xin de" chao zhi zhi wang", dan ta ke neng bu shi shi jie shang zui qiang da de chao zhi. zhong guo de san ge tuan dui zheng zai jing zheng zai wei lai qi ge yue nei jian li zhong guo de exaflop lei chao zhi, ri ben de hou qian yi ji ji suan ji de mu biao bu shu ri qi shi 2020 nian. mu qian, mei guo yong you shi jie shi da zui kuai ji suan ji zhong de wu tai, dan zai shi jie 500 qiang zhong, zhong guo de chao ji ji suan ji shu liang yi chao guo mei guo. 2018 nian qiu ji, mei guo chao ji ji suan ji shu liang xia jiang dao 108 tai, zhong guo chao ji ji suan ji zong shu shang sheng dao 229 tai.

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第十次中英经济财金对话17日在英国举行

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